Most cases of hives are mild and can resolve on their own within a few hours or days. There are several ways you can do at home to help relieve symptoms of hives, including:
- Avoid scratching the bumps.
- Don’t use soaps that contain harsh chemicals, such as fragrances.
- Try to keep the affected area of the skin cool. If necessary, apply a cooling lotion or apply a cold compress to reduce itching.
- Wear loose and light clothing.
- Avoid factors that trigger hives, such as food, alcoholic beverages, pain relievers, stress, and hot or cold air.
- Record every activity that you do and the food you eat before hives appear, so that you can find out what triggers are.
If hives don’t go away after a few days, check with your doctor for treatment. The treatment given by the doctor will be adjusted to the severity of the symptoms and the cause of hives. Common drugs used to treat hives are:
- Allergy medication
Allergic drugs or antihistamines can relieve itching and reduce hives. Examples are loratadine, cetirizine, and fexofenadine.
This medication is given to reduce the symptoms of severe hives. An example is methylprednisolone.
- Antidepressant cream
This medication can relieve the skin itching that occurs due to hives. An example is doxepin.
- Leukotriene receptor agonists
This medication helps reduce swelling and redness of the skin. Examples are montelukast and zafirlukast.
This drug is given if the administration of antihistamines is unable to treat hives, especially in recurring hives. The administration is by injection.
Ciclosporin will inhibit the immune system that attacks the body’s own cells.